Journal of Applied Ecology 2002, 39 (6), . DOI: 10.1046/j.0021-8901.2002.00769sm.x

Effects of experimental irrigation and drought on the composition and diversity of soil fauna in a coniferous stand

Supplementary material to Lindberg, N., Engtsson, J. & Persson, T. Effects of experimental irrigation and drought on the composition and diversity of soil fauna in a coniferous stand. Journal of Applied Ecology, 39 (6), 000–000.

Appendix

Densities m–2 (SE) of Oribatida, Collembola and Enchytraeidae species at Skogaby (n = 4). Abbreviations of the scientific names are used in Fig. 5B of the main text. D, drought; C, control; I, irrigation. P-values of treatment effect according to two-way ANOVA, d.f. = 2,6 (NS = P > 0·05). Within each species/taxon, numbers with different letters are significantly different (Tukey's studentized range test, P < 0·05). Relative abundance rank shifts > 10 between treatments are indicated; – , rank shift < 10; del, not included in the W-test (see text). HGC, high-gradient canister extractor; T, Tullgren funnel; B, Baermann funnel. Because we found clear overall differences in species composition between the treatments in the PCA (see text), the use of a Bonferroni test to correct for the large number of species-wise tests was considered to be unnecessarily rigorous.

Table A1.  Densities m–2 (SE) of Oribatida, Collembola and Enchytraeidae species at Skogaby (n = 4).

SpeciesExtraction methodDensity DDensity CDensity IF-valuePRank shift> 10 (T)Treatment specificity
Oribatida
Paleacarus hystricinusHGC250 (144)250 (144)380 (239)0·00NS18·5 
Hypochthonius rufulusT006 (6)1·00NSdel+ I
Eniochthonius minutissimusT0b100 (100)b1900 (804)a12·930·00722– D
Liochthonius sp.HGC620 (625)5900 (3640)6100 (5630)0·62NSdel 
Brachychthoniidae sp.HGC24000 (4270)74000 (23800)50000 (25000)1·56NSdel 
Phthiracarus cf. laevigatusT0b20 (6)b110 (24)a24·490·00111·5– D
Phthiracarus cf. borealisT20 (6)b620 (236)a1400 (719)a23·300·00210·5 
Phthiracarus cf. pigerT006(6)1·00NSdel+ I
Atropacarus striculusT20 (12)c1400 (765)b9500 (2870)a30·24< 0·00117·5 
Rhysotritia sp.T110 (45)b1800 (649)a5400 (1450)a46·60< 0·001 
Euphthiracarus cribrariusT0090 (79)1·78NS13·5+ I
Microtritia minimaT*0040 (26)2·97NS+ I
Nothrus silvestrisT390 (167)b8600 (2620)a12400 (4090)a17·460·003 
Camisia biurusT070 (45)12 (7)3·85NS11– D
Camisia spiniferT030 (19)12 (7)1·61NS– D
Platynothrus peltiferT00160 (116)4·31NS18·5+ I
Trimalaconothrus vietsiT0080 (75)1·00NS12·5+ I
Nanhermannia coronataT50 (34)b3700 (1340)a14000 (4300)a54·75< 0·00111·5 
Damaeus gracilipesT006 (6)1·00NSdel+ I
Porobelba spinosaT1200 (341)470 (168)260 (180)3·49NS12 
Cepheus cepheiformisT12 (12)b60 (21)ab160 (67)a5·370·046 
Adoristes ovatusT390 (89)b3700 (375)a4200 (944)a51·11< 0·001 
Liacarus coracinusT012 (12)25 (18)1·20NS– D
Carabodes femoralisT25 (10)90 (28)240 (116)3·27NS 
Carabodes abrynthicusT25 (18)30 (16)30 (6)0·44NS 
Carabodes areolatusT012 (12)25 (10)2·41NS– D
Tectocepheus velatusHGC2500 (2170)20000 (5640)25000 (3190)4·63NS 
Suctobelbella spp.HGC750 (250)b5600 (473)a8100 (944)a130·38< 0·001 
Quadroppia quadricarinataT*25 (25)001·00NS19·5+ D
Oppiella novaHGC18000 (9860)33000 (8500)41000 (12400)1·50NS 
Microppia minusHGC1000 (1000)250 (250)01·00NS14– I
Dissorhina ornataT*80 (66)50 (50)250 (144) NS13·5 
Zygoribatula exilisT2100 (725)a50 (50)b6 (6)b21·070·00234 
Oribatula tibialisT50 (50)360 (209)6 (6)2·48NS21·5 
Scheloribates pallidulusT*60 (47)25 (25)02·00NS25·5– I
Hemileius initialisT180 (149)b2100 (713)a1100 (211)a18·150·003 
Chamobates borealisHGC1100 (554)3900 (851)7900 (2040)3·24NS 
Ceratozetella thienemanniHGC04800 (4580)380 (375)1·03NS15– D
Minunthozetes semirufusHGC00120 (125)1·00NS15+ I
Melanozetes mollicomusT0020 (12)2·72NS+ I
Eupelops acromiosT12 (7)30 (16)40 (30)0·35NS 
Eupelops torulosusT25 (18)b420 (63)a450 (68)a47·68< 0·001 
Oribatella calcarataT30 (16)100 (100)60 (62)0·01NS 
Parachipteria punctataT0b120 (62)b6300 (3950)a16·950·00326– D
Acrogalumna longiplumaT006 (6)1·00NSdel+ I
Oribatida spp. juvenilesHGC19000 (17300)39000 (6100)109000 (27500)3·38NSdel
S 20 of 38 with rank shifts > 10
 
Collembola
Friesea mirabilisHGC0b1200 (924)a0b8·330·01912·5+ C
Neanura muscorumT0b170 (31)a220 (130)a18·320·003– D
Xenylla brevicaudaT22000 (20200)12 (7)12 (7)3·39NS16 
Micranurida pygmaeaHGC880 (875)4400 (1210)1800 (1420)4·62NS 
Willemia anophthalmaHGC500 (289)1500 (289)4200 (1530)3·73NS12·5 
Protaphorura pseudovanderdriftiT210 (163)b2900 (614)a4000 (1320)a15·410·004 
Micraphorura absoloniHGC250 (250)b2600 (625)a5000 (2740)a11·980·008 
Mesaphorura macrochaetaHGC7900 (4950)14000 (2940)24600 (6220)2·93NS 
Paratullbergia callipygosT0100 (60)40 (16)3·98NS– D
Anurophorus septentrionalisT20 (19)b2100 (2070)b9300 (4420)a20·450·00212 
Anurophorus laricisT620 (311)260 (137)210 (196)1·70NS 
Folsomia quadrioculataT0b3700 (1930)ab5300 (1720)a9·280·01516·5– D
Isotomiella minorHGC2400 (2390)7500 (5740)7000 (2610)0·45NS 
Isotoma viridisT0c320 (98)b1300 (298)a119·16< 0·00111·5– D
Isotoma notabilisT0110 (65)100 (71)2·24NS– D
Lepidocyrtus cyaneusT150 (80)120 (46)70 (52)0·79NS 
Lepidocyrtus lignorumT020 (12)30 (16)2·09NS– D
Orchesella flavescensT30 (6)6 (6)25 (18)1·77NS 
Orchesella bifasciataT160 (162)001·00NS14·5+ D
Entomobrya nivalisT40 (19)a0b0b16·210·004+ D
Entomobrya albocinctaT50 (50)001·00NS10·5+ D
Entomobrya corticalisT110 (65)a0b0b9·660·01312·5+ D
Entomobrya marginataT25 (18)6 (6)01·24NS 
Sminthurus fuscusT12 (12)001·00NSdel+ D
Megalothorax minimusHGC0b880 (427)a1200 (250)a13·290·006del
S 9 of 23 with rank shifts > 10
– D
Enchytraeidae
Cognettia sphagnetorumB1300 (579)b34000 (9210)a55500 (9780)a42·11< 0·001  
Mesenchytraeus glandulosus/pelicensisB00750 (697)2·73NS + I
Achaeta spp.B1800 (1700)b2500 (1020)ab41000 (14800)a6·140·035  
Oconnorella cambrensisB160 (158)040 (39)0·44NS  
Enchytraeus sp.B0040 (39)1·00NS + I
*Species found only in Tullgren samples. One individual sampled per treatment corresponds to a mean density of 120 individuals m–2 for HGC samples, 6 individuals m–2 for Tullgren samples and 20 individuals m–2 for Baermann samples. Treatment specificity indicates absence (–) or presence (+) in one of the treatments. Suctobelbella species identified were S. similis and S. acutidens.

E-mail correspondence to:

Niklas.Lindberg@eom.slu.se